Monthly Archives: March 2011
This is a long read, but an interesting one, with some valid points both for and against the concept of restructuring our schools. If the concept of hybrid schools perks your interest, check out this website dedicated to the “School of One” idea.
for the love of learning: Standardization: it will fill you up but with noth…: “I know an awful lot of teachers who see consistency and standardization as a good thing. It reminds me of the old sports joke where one spec…”
If you read this blog regularly, you may remember my probability post concerning the roll up the rim to win Tim Horton’s cups. At the time i posted it, i was running at a winning cup every two drink purchases. Since then, i haven’t seen a single winner in 13 cups (unlucky??). At first glance, it would seem that i have had a run of bad luck. But when you look closely at the numbers, and compare them to the stated odds of Tim Horton’s winning cups (1 in 6 this year), it would seem that i could have easily anticipated my string of ‘bad luck’.
This article presents an interesting case for 1-to-1 learning. The original article where i read it appeared here, which was funny (or sad?) in that it immediately followed an article on the Detroit school system and their plans to shut down half the schools. YES, that is correct, NOT a typo, HALF the schools. Class sizes could reach 60. i think i know what side of the debate i stand on. How about you?
One-on-one learning, if you can get it, is always preferable to our traditional approach to learning. By that I mean shoehorning kids into classes and lecture halls en masse to cover as much spread as possible, and then diluting knowledge by reciting it as though it were an audition script. The truth is, we learn so much more from singular learning. And our students want, need, and expect it. Or at the very least, a suitable version of it.
This article by A. Graham Down featured on EducationNext focuses on a new book written by R. Barker Baussell called Too Simple to Fail: A Case for Educational Change. In it are the insights provided by decades of research and experience into how we can unite our disruptive innovations with our child’s learning experiences to fashion that singular type of learning that kids will respond to. You can read a review of Baussell’s Too Simple to Fail in our book reviews section.
originally posted by Ross Crockett
Mar 11, 2011
Why Schools of One Are Our Future
Too Simple to Fail, a new book from Oxford University Press, is a review of thirty years of research into how children learn and what would give us better results. The author, R. Barker Bausell, a biostatistician in the School of Nursing at the University of Maryland, has come to the conclusion that classroom instruction is hopelessly obsolete, and that the answer to the deficiencies of our educational system is the tutorial model.
As a graduate of Oxbridge, with its time-honored tutorial system, it would be difficult for me to dispute Dr. Bausell’s central premise—that one-on-one instruction is the best guarantor of improved academic performance. Of course, this would involve displacing or at least supplementing the traditional 1:35 student:teacher ratio of the conventional classroom. But Dr. Bausell’s exhaustive research summary leaves one with no other plausible conclusion.
Dr. Bausell provides a comprehensive analysis of the lessons to be drawn from classic schooling research. Among the more salient conclusions are: 1) that what children bring to school is vastly more important than what happens thereafter, as the Coleman Report found; 2) in examining all of the variables that impinge on student academic performance (teacher effectiveness, socio-economic advantage, appropriate evaluation criteria, etc.), none is demonstrably more significant than time spent learning“one-on-one”; and 3) that only an individualized computer program can address all these issues effectively and simultaneously.
Though the reader is left to infer that such “one-on-one” computerized instruction is equally effective for all grade levels, one wonders whether the inculcation of basic skills and the more sophisticated analysis presupposed of high school students would respond equally well to this computerized approach. Notwithstanding, “one-on-one” appears to be the only way to go if we are really serious about eliminating the so-called “achievement gap”.
However, equally obviously, it is the marriage of technology to the individual tutorial which makes it all possible from an economic point of view.
What does Dr. Bausell see as the main flaws in the current educational system?
(1) Traditional class size is an almost insurmountable barrier to academic improvement given the diversity of attributes/liabilities students bring with them.
(2) Despite research recommendations in favor of phonics, effective phonics-based systems for elementary reading instruction are conspicuous by their absence.
(3) The irrelevance of most teacher college instruction to the real classroom is striking: clinical approaches are discounted in favor of misguided theory. In fact the author’s experiments support the idea that teachers who are trained in the traditional fashion are no more effective than neophytes in the field.
(4) That, albeit a relatively limited number of cognoscenti, some people are beginning to understand that in less highly developed countries the incentive for students to excel is far greater. Simply put, America is not competitive in world markets from an educational point of view.
(5) The irrelevance of many standardized tests to the curriculum that is being taught. (Historically standardized tests, like the SAT, are thinly-veiled intelligence tests designed as a device to sort out for college bound population: not to assess levels of achievement in subject matter areas.)
What does the author see as an indication that things are changing for the better?
(1) The significant increase in the student-computer ratio nationally. There are simply more computers in the schools.
(2) The current national interest in defining instructional objectives across state boundaries (i.e. burgeoning national standards).
(3) The growing recognition that current testing practices have emasculated rather than enriched the curriculum.
(4) The success of the K.I.P.P. schools is vivid testament to the importance of longer school days and more of them. Time on task, as suggested earlier, really works. After all the present system was designed to accommodate an agrarian economy.
However, the most compelling section of Dr. Bausell’s book is the chapter entitled “Getting There from Here.” Dr Bausell envisages a world where the obsolete classroom model gives way to a laboratory “in which digital tutoring constitutes the bulk of the instruction delivered.” He concedes that for a change to take place of this magnitude, both the federal government and a plethora of philanthropic sources would have to provide the initial funding.
His road-map includes:
(1) Creation of a complete set of instructional objectives representing the elementary school curriculum, accompanied by sample test questions for each objective.
(2) A standard software platform-template by which these objectives could be taught.
(2) Securing computer hardware involving networking within each classroom.
(3) Development of computer-generated tests with items to assess mastery of every conceivable school topic.
To summarize, as does Dr. Bausell:“The only way to increase school learning is to increase the amount of relevant instructional time we provide our children.” The only way to achieve this is to marry technology to instruction thereby developing economies of scale, and vastly enhanced efficiency in terms of results. Let’s get on with it!
This is a blog post that i found after discovering yesterday’s post…further down the rabbit hole, there’s a LOT to discover whilst sifting through these postings…be careful, you might never come back…and if you do, you’ll definitely be changed…
Here is a great article on using formative assessment. It’s quick to read and offers some ready to use ideas… (to view the article from its original source, click here)
Summative assessments, or high stakes tests and projects, are what the eagle eye of our profession is fixated on right now, so teachers often find themselves in the tough position of racing, racing, racing through curriculum.
But what about informal or formative assessments? Are we putting enough effort into these?
What Are They?
Informal, or formative assessments are about checking for understanding in an effective way in order to guide instruction. They are used during instruction rather than at the end of a unit or course of study. And if we use them correctly, and often, yes, there is a chance instruction will slow when we discover we need to re-teach or review material the students wholly “did not get” — and that’s okay. Because sometimes we have to slow down in order to go quickly.
What this means is that if we are about getting to the end, we may lose our audience, the students. If you are not routinely checking for understanding then you are not in touch with your students’ learning. Perhaps they are already far, far behind.
We are all guilty of this one — the ultimate teacher copout: “Are there any questions, students?” Pause for three seconds. Silence. “No? Okay, let’s move on.”
Ever assign the big project, test, or report at the end of a unit and find yourself shocked with the results, and not in a good way? I have. The reason for the crummy results is not the students, but a lack of formative assessments along the way and discovering when, where, and how certain information needed to be re-taught or reviewed.
To Inform, Not Punish
If you find yourself wanting to spring a “gotcha” quiz on your students, ask yourself if it is really meant to collect important data or to freak them out and maybe “get them more serious about paying attention”?
Believe me, I’ve been there: wanting to punish the lazy, the cocky, the nonchalant. Sometimes we just want to see that hint of panic as they number 1 to 10 on their half sheets of paper (afterall, many of us experienced the “gotcha” quiz as students!)
If you feel tempted to do this, just say no; it’s a mistake.
When and How?
Formative assessments are not about gotcha-ing students but about guiding where instruction needs to go next. We should use them frequently, and while or after kids learn a new idea, concept, or process.
When you are on your way to the Big End Project (or summative assessment) and students have just learned a piece or a step toward the end, check to see if they’ve got it.
And to avoid using the tired old quiz, here’s a few ways you can check for understanding:
Exit Slips—These can be fun and not daunting, for students or teacher. Give students a question to answer that targets the big idea of the lesson, and have them write a sentence or two. Stand by the door and collect them as they leave. Sit at your desk and thumb through them all, making three stacks: they get it, kind of get it, and don’t get it all. The size of the stacks will tell you what to do next.
Student Checklist—Give your students a checklist and have them self-assess. Collect the checklists with each, or every other, new idea during a unit of study. Make sure they write a sentence or two explaining how they know they’ve got it, or why they think they are still struggling.
The Three-Minute Paper—This is more involved than the exit slip and often times, I’d give the kids more than three minutes. I don’t use the word “essay” or they get too nervous. I might say, “Take out a piece of paper, and tell me what you have learned so far about ____________.” Often they will basically write an essay (something they usually labor over in drafts and on their own!) I assess these the same way as the exit slip, by making the three stacks.
One-Sentence Summary—Ask students to write a summary sentence that answers the “who, what where, when, why, how” questions about the topic.
Misconception Check—Provide students with common or predictable misconceptions about a specific principle, process, or concept. Ask them whether they agree or disagree and explain why. Also, to save time, you can present a misconception check in the form of multiple-choice or true/false.
Watch, Look, Listen
Simply observing the actions, behaviors, and words of students can provide a wealth of valuable data and serve as a formative assessment. You can take notes as they conference with one another, pair and share, or engage in collaborative learning groups (lab projects, literature circles, etc.).
What to look for? If there are small group conversations happening, and they are successfully applying the new learning, not just one student is talking; they are talking over each other, and they are animated with body, hands and eyes. On the other hand, if it is quiet during this talk time, and they are watching you watch them, they are most likely lost.
Your note taking can be as easy as making a check-plus mark after each child’s name who shares something of value and on-target/topic with their group. (Put a check by each child you hear share so you can see how many you heard versus how many get it.) If I have 17 names with checks after them, but only four check-plus marks, it’s time to review or re-teach.
Your smartphone already says a lot about you and your personality. But what about the applications or apps – loaded on to your device? We think the apps on your mobile reveal just as much, if not more, about the real you! Think of it as your appitype.
So, what does your appitype say about you? Take this quick quiz to discover your appitype.
At the end of the quiz, your appitype will be revealed. Along with it, we’ll show you a selection of applications and content for use on your smartphone that have been carefully selected from Ovi Store to meet the needs of your personal appitype. Then, you can go and try the apps for yourself. We’ll also make it easy for you to share the results with your friends and coworkers, so you can give your appitype its moment in the spotlight.
When i did the test, it said my appitype was “The Connector”.
What’s a Connector?
You’re personable, confident and curious. You live by the motto of ‘everything in moderation.’ You have an uplifting and motivating personality with an extraordinary knack for making friends and acquaintances in the online and/or real world. You are likely to have a collection of apps that you use again and again – often carrying fun apps on your phone and apps that may be useful to others. You occasionally download free apps and your app catalogue could certainly be expanded.
What’s your appitype?? DO the test and leave a comment with YOUR appitype…